Just like with children, puppies need to be vaccinated against certain viruses and other communicable diseases. The shots are given on a set schedule over the first year or so of life.
Bordetella is a very communicable virus that is one of the primary causes a kennel cough. It causes respiratory issues in a dog causing dogs to cough and have difficulty breathing.
Canine distemper attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. It can cause fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, and seizures. Distemper is a very dangerous disease which is why the vaccine is important.
Canine hepatitis is not related to human hepatitis. But it does affect the liver. It can cause jaundice, and an enlarged stomach, and liver pain. There is no cure but many dogs can overcome the disease, but some do not make it.
Canine Para Influenza
Influenza viruses in humans causes respiratory problems. It’s the same in dogs. There are several different strains of influenza in dogs and all cause problems with the respiratory system. Dogs will cough and have trouble breathing.
Heartworms are transmitted to dogs through mosquitoes. Long worms can grow inside the dog, and they tend to inhabit the arteries around the heart. There is no vaccine, it just requires life long preventative treatments.
The rabies virus attacks the central nervous system causing headaches, fear of water, excessive drooling, anxiety, paralysis, and eventually death. Most states have a rabies vaccine. Rabies is transmitted through infected saliva. If you ever see a rabid animal, do not approach it. Call animal control immediately.
Parvovirus attacks the gastrointestinal tract. It causes diarrhea, vomiting, upset stomach, loss of appetite and extreme dehydration due to the diarrhea. Parvovirus can kill a dog within a day or two because of extreme dehydration. There is no cure except try to keep the dog hydrated until the virus passes.
Vaccines are important for dogs, so don’t miss getting them!